Creating proof of reserves for an Electrum wallet

In my last post I promised to write about how you can produce a “proof of reserves” for your own wallet including hardware wallets. So, here we go. First you need an electrum multisig wallet that involves at least one hardware wallet. I won’t go into the details of how to construct this. Recently I created just such a wallet for testing purposes. You can download it and get a descriptor for it with the following steps:

git clone https://github.com/RCasatta/electrum2descriptors.git
cd electrum2descriptors
cargo run -- tests/wallets/multisig_hw_segwit

That will output two descriptors, one for receiving- and one for change addresses:

["wsh(sortedmulti(2,tpubDEcw4ooTbmw62zBKdkYepoP3z4WWugdeRzPHHAbk8XVsPfBE9AAZMNghiqwtdFgtabaeppBTPmezUkRkQZidLcSJp3XTASbMakHcYauWehZ/0/*,tpubDEbkvhmJoZMq3SUNqEf3aEsubvqsCUPc7rroHkGERgS7qA1gQVMxUPrgzth6x43odirLohwf4aMHpvcnWi3jCB2xkizv8T4B2KqLRZVLC6K/0/*))",
"wsh(sortedmulti(2,tpubDEcw4ooTbmw62zBKdkYepoP3z4WWugdeRzPHHAbk8XVsPfBE9AAZMNghiqwtdFgtabaeppBTPmezUkRkQZidLcSJp3XTASbMakHcYauWehZ/1/*,tpubDEbkvhmJoZMq3SUNqEf3aEsubvqsCUPc7rroHkGERgS7qA1gQVMxUPrgzth6x43odirLohwf4aMHpvcnWi3jCB2xkizv8T4B2KqLRZVLC6K/1/*))"]

With this and the following commands, you can generate a bdk wallet, and a proof transaction:

cargo install --git https://github.com/bitcoindevkit/bdk-cli --features=reserves,electrum
DESC_EXT="wsh(sortedmulti(2,tpubDEcw4ooTbmw62zBKdkYepoP3z4WWugdeRzPHHAbk8XVsPfBE9AAZMNghiqwtdFgtabaeppBTPmezUkRkQZidLcSJp3XTASbMakHcYauWehZ/0/*,tpubDEbkvhmJoZMq3SUNqEf3aEsubvqsCUPc7rroHkGERgS7qA1gQVMxUPrgzth6x43odirLohwf4aMHpvcnWi3jCB2xkizv8T4B2KqLRZVLC6K/0/*))"
DESC_CHG="wsh(sortedmulti(2,tpubDEcw4ooTbmw62zBKdkYepoP3z4WWugdeRzPHHAbk8XVsPfBE9AAZMNghiqwtdFgtabaeppBTPmezUkRkQZidLcSJp3XTASbMakHcYauWehZ/1/*,tpubDEbkvhmJoZMq3SUNqEf3aEsubvqsCUPc7rroHkGERgS7qA1gQVMxUPrgzth6x43odirLohwf4aMHpvcnWi3jCB2xkizv8T4B2KqLRZVLC6K/1/*))"
bdk-cli -n testnet wallet -w proofdemo1 --descriptor $DESC_EXT --change_descriptor $DESC_CHG --server ssl://electrum.blockstream.info:60002 sync
bdk-cli -n testnet wallet -w proofdemo1 --descriptor $DESC_EXT --change_descriptor $DESC_CHG --server ssl://electrum.blockstream.info:60002 produce_proof --message "Testnet coins are worthless"

That will produce a partially signed bitcoin transaction, which can look something like this:

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

Now load this transaction in your electrum wallet.
Here comes the interesting part: try to sign it.
Unfortunately I got the following error:

A wallet owned pubkey was not found in the transaction input to be signed.

This is an exception coming from the BitBox2 plugin.
So, lets take a step back and just use an electrum soft wallet with local key storage. We start again with the command to extract a descriptor. In the electrum2descriptors directory, execute:

cargo run -- tests/wallets/multisig_segwit

That again will output two descriptors, one for receiving- and one for change addresses:

["wsh(sortedmulti(2,tprv8dNybiDsdyms39SAWTxyiNHABTTgiqmJpScmxGrdKEuZ7TwXcaYXT4f4ddVjWiiQs9zowHqyDmvaebN6fU2Lu6iAYnYuepiLkvzGdcZZi8D/0/*,tpubD9cniQzQ8XnuagyP9Xwg3sWCX77wQPWoLPW7jqzcPn37r8hq2X86uztCEyFbMY16amzwdJ1CcNRXhF3vykn1wuDv2ULzryRtaCcN5Cr8F9y/0/*))",
"wsh(sortedmulti(2,tprv8dNybiDsdyms39SAWTxyiNHABTTgiqmJpScmxGrdKEuZ7TwXcaYXT4f4ddVjWiiQs9zowHqyDmvaebN6fU2Lu6iAYnYuepiLkvzGdcZZi8D/1/*,tpubD9cniQzQ8XnuagyP9Xwg3sWCX77wQPWoLPW7jqzcPn37r8hq2X86uztCEyFbMY16amzwdJ1CcNRXhF3vykn1wuDv2ULzryRtaCcN5Cr8F9y/1/*))"]

With this and the following commands, you can generate a bdk wallet, and a proof transaction:

DESC_EXT="wsh(sortedmulti(2,tprv8dNybiDsdyms39SAWTxyiNHABTTgiqmJpScmxGrdKEuZ7TwXcaYXT4f4ddVjWiiQs9zowHqyDmvaebN6fU2Lu6iAYnYuepiLkvzGdcZZi8D/0/*,tpubD9cniQzQ8XnuagyP9Xwg3sWCX77wQPWoLPW7jqzcPn37r8hq2X86uztCEyFbMY16amzwdJ1CcNRXhF3vykn1wuDv2ULzryRtaCcN5Cr8F9y/0/*))"
DESC_CHG="wsh(sortedmulti(2,tprv8dNybiDsdyms39SAWTxyiNHABTTgiqmJpScmxGrdKEuZ7TwXcaYXT4f4ddVjWiiQs9zowHqyDmvaebN6fU2Lu6iAYnYuepiLkvzGdcZZi8D/1/*,tpubD9cniQzQ8XnuagyP9Xwg3sWCX77wQPWoLPW7jqzcPn37r8hq2X86uztCEyFbMY16amzwdJ1CcNRXhF3vykn1wuDv2ULzryRtaCcN5Cr8F9y/1/*))"
bdk-cli -n testnet wallet -w proofdemo2 --descriptor $DESC_EXT --change_descriptor $DESC_CHG --server ssl://electrum.blockstream.info:60002 sync
bdk-cli -n testnet wallet -w proofdemo2 --descriptor $DESC_EXT --change_descriptor $DESC_CHG --server ssl://electrum.blockstream.info:60002 produce_proof --message "Testnet coins are worthless"

That will produce a partially signed bitcoin transaction, which can look something like this:

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

Now load this transaction in your electrum wallet.
Unfortunately, the “Sign” button is deactivated.
So, apparently, there is nothing we can do at the moment. I will opened an issue with Electrum, and I am curious about what they think about adding support for signing proof PSBTs.

Of course we could sign the PSBT with bdk-cli, since we already transformed the Electrum wallet to descriptor format with electrum2descriptors, but that would only work with the soft wallet, while I am more interested in the use case with hardware wallets. There is at some point support for hardware wallets coming to BDK, but I don’t know when that will be.

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